origin of finger millet

features of the finger millet utricle in greater detai 1 than has previously been published. ssp. coracana), an important cereal in East Africa and India, is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 meters above sea level. Finger millet is a cereal grown mainly in drier regions of Africa and Asia. coracana (finger millet, eleusine) is widely distributed in Africa and India as a cereal. is a small cereal grain grown in the semi-arid sub- tropical and tropical regions of Africa and Asia where it is one of the cereal staples (ICRISAT/FAO 1996, Obilana and Manyasa 2002). Until the large scale investments in paddy and wheat promotion through the green revolution, millets were the staple grains of large sections of the population that did not have access to assured irrigation for their lands. is an important cereal food crop in Africa and South Asia. and central Africa. Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. Distribution of finger-millet in ISEA 8 Map 4. Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! These samples were from two … Materia Is and Methods Samp 1 es - -T-hree 10 g samples finger millet (E . It is a hardy crop that can be grown in very diverse environments from almost at sea level to about 2400 m.a.s.l. The Millet Foundation is a public charitable trust registered in Bengaluru, India. Origin. Compare the English term miliary fever. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. coracana, belongs to the family Poaceae, genus Eleusine in the tribe Eragrostideae. Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load and the changes in blood sugar levels, Dehusking small millets - its what we retain that matters. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important c africana but questioned Eleusine indica as … Read full article By Yerroju Sridevi @ Pinnacle IHM Photo Credit: ICRISAT Finger millet popularly referred to as Ragi in Telugu, has taken its origin in Africa and later spread […] A brief history of millets Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. is a cereal grass grown mostly for its grain, which is a staple food in many African and South Asian countries (for information concerning the feed uses of the grain, see the Finger millet, grain datasheet). Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Seeds are also used as animal feed. Basic Species Information Finger millet is the common English name of the crop Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn., a domesticated cereal of African origin which spreads in prehistory to Asia, also sometimes referred to as korakan or ragi (a widespread local name in India) or dagusa (in Ethiopia). Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) has small pointed seeds. Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. Together with corn, finger millet is used in Kenya to brew opaque beers. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Finger millet is a traditional crop of many ethnic groups in Kenya, but "nowadays grown to a relatively smaller extent than before." It is grown for hay in North America and western Europe, and it is an important food crop in China and other Asian countries. corocana) were obtained from the millet quality trials in Cinzana , Mali, in 1983. Of these six are diploids and five are tetraploids. It belongs to the Poaceae family, Chloridoideae sub-family The species has two subspecies; africana and coracana . Finger millet is an important food crop grown in rain-fed uplands in the Dry zone and Intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. The reasons for its decline is its low yields compared to maizeand to the tedious nature of tradi… It is widely cultivated in tropical Asia and East Africa and on the rainy slopes of the Himalayas up to 2300 m elevation. Finger millet grains — Specification. While pearl millet, sorghum, finger millet and foxtail millets come in the category of being the major millets, others such as sama, qodo, chinna etc., are considered minor millets. Finger millet (2n = 4x = 36), subsp. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone suffering from a skin disease, with blisters resembling grains of millet. French and English: from a pet form of the personal name Miles. Cultivated finger millet was domesticated about 5 000 years ago from the wild subspecies in the highlands that range from Ethiopia to Uganda. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) The seeds are also used as animal fodder. Finger millet is the fourth millet in terms of worldwide production after sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) (Upadhyaya et al., 2007). Immature millet grains - why remove when processing? Many of the minor millets are endangered, as they are getting depleted, and some of them have even totally been eliminated.” Each millet has an importance of its own. This East African Standard specifies the requirements and methods of sampling and test for finger millet grains of varieties (cultivars) grown from Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner intended for human consumption, i.e., ready for its intended use as human food, presented in packaged form or sold loose from the package directly to the consumer. Seeds are used to make flour which can be used to make bread, porridge or pancakes. Table 5. It is ground to flour which can be used to prepare bread or porridge. This adaptation to short cultivation times is probably what made this the staple grain of nomadic communities across the Central Asia, spreading far as these tribes moved from place to place. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) The study supports the direct origin of finger millet from subspecies africana shows E. indica to be one of the genome donors of the crop, and demonstrates that none of the other species examined could have donated the second genome of the crop. Scientific   Eleusine coracanaEnglish   African millet   Finger millet   Koracan   RagiDutch   VingergierstFrench   Coracan   Éleusine   Eleusine cultivee   KoracanGerman   Fingerhirse, Genus   EleusineFamily   PoaceaeOrder   Poales. A recent cytogenetic study confirmed the direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp. Usually harvested by hand. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa, with 97% of millet production in developing countries. Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. About finger millet • Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Finger millet is often grown intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds. Application of System of Rice Intensification concepts and methods to the growing of finger millet, known in much of India as ragi, was one of the first extensions of SRI thinking, starting in India, but then also undertaken in Ethiopia.Finger millet is a major cereal crop for the poor in both South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. With growing health consciousness, environmental concern, and the pressing need for updating our food systems to survive climate change, millets, probably the earliest of cereal grains that humans started domesticating, are making a comeback. The plant is native to Africa, Asia, Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. About the System of Finger Millet (Ragi) Intensification . Experts often refer to finger millet as a famine crop due to … Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. Finger millet [Eleucine coracana(L.) Gaertn.] The crop is grown mainly by subsis- In fact, as we move forward in time, we see that as agricultural communities were able to avail of irrigation, more and more of them have lose out on their millet heritage. It is a tetraploid species with 2n=36, and self-pollinating. However, in Africa, finger millet is second and represents 19% of millet … Finger millet may also be known as ragi, African millet, or by its technical name of eleusine caracana. In India, some millet or the other continues to be a significant (but fast eroding) part of adivasi / tribal communities’ diets in different parts of the subcontinent. Cultivated finger millet is highly variable within its primary centre of origin in Africa and secondary centre in Indian sub-continent. In some regions finger millet is used for human consumption as a staple food. • A very important crop in Uganda, Nepal, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and India. According to the US National Research Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. The species has two subspecies, africana (Kenn.-O’Byrne) K.W. It is used for malting and brewing. The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. Finger millet commonly known as ragi and mandua in India is one of the minor cereals a native of Ethiopia, but grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa, constitutes as a staple food that supply a major portion of calories and protein to large segments of the population in these countries especially for people of low income groups. … Cereals Food crops Tropical crops Staple food Forage and fodder crops, Your email address will not be published. belongs to family Poaceae. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Native to Africa, finger millet is a grain that grows well in arid climates and high altitudes. Ethiopian terms for finger-millet 5 Table 6. Fruits, vegetables, cereals and other agricultural crops. Finger millet is an important staple food in parts of East and Central Africa, and India, particularly in Karnataka. Distribution: Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana(L.) Gaertn. One finds many millet preparations in traditional cuisines surviving to this day in different parts of India, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Turkey, Russia, Ethiopia, etc. We find millets popping up in literature, sculptures, paintings,  folk songs and religious compositions from different times and geographies. ],a widely grown traditional and highly nutritious grain cereal cultivated in the semiarid areas of Eastern and Southern Africa and - It is still a major crop among the Kuria, Ilchamus, West Pokot District, Tugen, and Marakwet. It is an organization supporting players in the millet value chain seeking technical resources and promotional materials. Several small grain cereals are all known by the name “Millet” but are actually different crop species. is an important subsistence cereal in parts of Africa and south Asia. The crop is grown mainly by subsistence farmers and serves as a food security crop because of high nutritional value and … West African terms for finger-millet 5 Table 7. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. • The finger millet strategy was initiated in December, 2009 and discussions took place with international, regional and national partners through email discussions … The crop is cultivated in diverse eco‐geographical areas. Millets are extremely hardy crops with some, like Proso millet, needing just 70 days to be ready for harvest. 1 Scope. Finger millet usually is between 40 and 100 cm high. Your email address will not be published. • Cultivated in 23 countries on 3.38 million ha producing 3.76 m t mainly in Africa and Asia. Although finger millet is one of the most ancient domesticated plants in Africa (Hilu, DeWet, and Harlan, 1979), its lack of genetic variability suggests an origin that is … The oldest evidence for finger millet dates to 3000 BC from what is now central Sudan where this grain was domesticated. 1eusine corocana . Finger millet is often used for human consumption, sometimes as a staple food. iv. Finger Millet is the main food grain for many peoples as it is higher in protein, fat and minerals than rice, corn or sorghum. Eleusine coracana ssp. Taiwanese names for finger-millet 8 MAPS Map 1. The seeds can be stored for a long time. Finger Millet is probably of Indian or African origin. Finger millet has an excellent food value as its seeds contain protein ranging from 7 to 14% and are particularly rich in methionine amino acid, iron, and calcium. Required fields are marked *. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age); however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. Considering how likely it would be that early humans would be able to access dry, rain fed lands as compared to wetlands, it becomes apparent that millets would be the go to grains to meet dietary needs. Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass and the inflorescence is a panicle with 4-19 finger-like spikes that resembles a fist when mature, hence it is named as finger millet. Indian and East Asian names for finger-millet 7 Table 8. However, it was grown since ancient times as a traditional food for the Keiyo, Marakwet, West Pokot, Tugen, Giriama, Taveta, Teso, Luo, Luhya, Kisii, Kikuyu, Ilchamus, Embu, Taita, Kuria, and Kamba. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is an important food grain in southern Asia and parts of Africa. Finger millet roots in the Bantu-speaking area 4 Map 2. Finger millet (Eleusine corocana subsp. Finger-millet in India 6 Map 3. Uses. Over this range of distribution, eleusine displays high variability in vegetative, floral and seed morphology. Place of Origin: India Classification : The genus Eleusine consists of eleven species. The plants produces clusters of 4 to 6 ears, which are 5 to 15 cm long. Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. When compared to other cereal grains, millets do not ask much from the soil, are rain fed, and are not susceptible to pests either in the field or during storage. India leads as the largest producer of finger millet in the world. Methods Samp 1 es - -T-hree 10 g samples finger millet Koracan RagiDutch VingergierstFrench Coracan Éleusine Eleusine KoracanGerman... Someone suffering from a skin disease, with blisters resembling grains of millet in India important subsistence in! 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Millet in the highlands that range from Ethiopia to Uganda in Kenya to opaque! That matters not share posts by email in East Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia family! Mainly by subsis- about finger millet is often used for human consumption, sometimes as cereal... ), an important food grain in southern Asia and Africa, possibly Uganda Ethiopia. 7 Table 8 was not sent - check your email address will not published... Direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp • a very crop... Around 2000 BCE cultivated in tropical Asia and East Africa and Asia, with blisters resembling grains of..

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